Topinambur Growers Association

                                                                                                                                                                           The most important requirement for a healthy society is access to healthy food.

 History of Topinambur

 

Topinambur also called Jerusalem Artichoke is a sunflower plant that forms a potato like tuber under ground. These tubers are healthy vegetables. They can be eaten raw, fried or boiled.

It is processed through several steps to high quality food like chips, crisp bread, flour as well as juice, syrup and even brandy. Topinambur has more valuable ingredients than any other vegetable plant and its high content of Inullin slows down the blood sugar intake.

Topinambur is native to North and Central America, their original distribution area is suspected to be Mexico. Today the species is widespread in the central and eastern North America and is regarded being cultivated by Indians.

Around 1610 the plant was sent to Europe. It was named in Paris 1612 as well as in the Vatican the "Indian Potato" by a Brazilian Indian tribe called: Topinambur. In the Vatican gardeners agreed to name it "Girasole Articiocco" (Sunflower Artichoke) which later became Jerusalem Artichoke.

First Topinambur has been cultivated as food and feed especially in France. It enjoyed in the early 17th century great popularity. In Europe the sweet tasting tuber started to be replaced in the 18th century by the potato.

Today Topinambur is grown in almost all continents, the main growing areas are located in North America, Russia, Australia and Asia. With only minor economic importance it is also grown in Germany, France and Netherlands.

Topinambur serves as homeopathic medicine and also contains substances which are known to slow down cancer cell growth.